The Wallkill River shares with great rivers like the Nile and the Rhine the peculiarity of northward flow. Beginning at Lake Mohawk in Sparta it flows just west of Ogdensburg, Franklin and Hamburg to the New York State border. From there it eventually feeds the Hudson River near Kingston, NY after a 90 mile trek. It is the nine mile stretch of Sussex County river wetlands north of Hamburg that has given rise to the Wallkill River National Wildlife Refuge, which, since 1990, have been a haven for more than 225 species of birds, a wide variety of fish and wildlife; and those who love to watch them.
As a major watershed, wedged between the Appalachian Valley and Ridge to the west and the Highland Ridge System to the east, the Wallkill River provides migratory and nesting habitat for waterfowl, which use the valley as a conduit between eastern Canada and the Atlantic coast and between the Delaware and Hudson rivers. More than 225 species of birds, including 21 species of waterfowl, occur on the refuge.
Congress authorized the eventual purchase, providing funds and willing sellers become available, of 7500 acres of fish and wildlife habitat. 4200 acres are now under management, partially accessible by two major trails and, of course, the river.
The Wood Duck Nature Trail, accessible from Route 565, a few hundred yards beyond the turnoff from Route 23, runs approximately 2 miles on a former railroad bed ending at the river, and offers a nature photography blind and benches for pause along the way. Another mile or so up Route 565, a recently renovated farmhouse serves as Park headquarters, where visitors can find trail maps and more information about the wildlife that lives in the Refuge.
Further north, near the state border and linked with the Appalachian Trail, the Liberty Loop circles wetland and grassland for 2 1/2 miles of prime bird and wildlife watching. Hunting is prohibited in this section, so there is no reason to avoid an autumn walk. With an agricultural history and network of drainage ditches similar to those at the Great Meadows of the Pequest, this area is also known for it's black dirt. No longer farmed, the ditches now teem with insects, frogs, salamanders, turtles and snakes, all tasty morsels for great blue herons and snowy egrets that frequent the area. The small mammals that also feed here attract a population of raptors which includes golden eagles, bald eagles, peregrine falcons, red-tailed hawks, American kestrels and marsh hawks. The trail adopts an old railroad grade leading through the Pochuck Swamp, thickly forested and dotted with red maples, vibrant in autumn and home to dozens more species. The adventurous can hike further along the Appalachian trail.
Because it is a wildlife refuge, human access to the wetlands is restricted, and the best way to see the Wallkill is by canoe. The river is lazy and your trip is effortless save for a few spots where you may have to get out haul your boat over a shallow spot or around a beaver dam. The first of three access points, near the Wood Duck trailhead on Route 565, provides drop-off and pick-up only. The Bassets Bridge Canoe and Fishing Access provides a better place to start your trip with ample parking and an easy walk to the river. A third put-in lies just east of where Oil City Road crosses the river in New York State. Canoeing floats you through beautiful floodplain forests, wet meadows, and under tall rock cliffs, and, if you bring your pole, the river is full of warm water fish, most notably bass and pickerel. The river flow is sluggish enough to allow a comfortable paddle along one way of your journey so you don't have to worry about a second pick-up point.
Wallkill River National Wildlife Refuge
1547 County Route 565, Sussex, New Jersey 07461
Phone: (973) 702-7266
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