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Comfort Creatures

Quixotic Exotics

Some New Jersey farms have undergone fundamental changes. Where cows once grazed, mystery creatures occupy the fields. Most serve two purposes: to educate and propagate. If curiosity leads to profits, all the better. The result? New Jersey farms have become the latest melting pot - the landing place of the Ark.

A Pack of Alpacas

Her arms filled with hay, Debra Lamar walks through the barn at Bella Cria Alpacas. Shaggy, long-necked animals jostle for food. The shiest crane their necks to check out the humans. The size of apricots, their enormous eyes peer out from under bushy mops of hair.

Reassured, the alpacas grab hay from Gabrielle Lamar and gently sniff the small girl's straw-colored hair. If Debra and her husband Derek Lamar have their way, more children will enjoy these oddly graceful creatures from South America, and their Pittstown farm will become the center of a Hunterdon County 4-H Alpaca club. "I've sent out a call for members," Debra explains. "Three have signed up. We need just a few more for a club."

All parties benefit. While the alpacas learn trust, their handlers learn to unwind around creatures who, encased in soft, dense hair, feel like pillows on four legs. First, however, visitors must learn not to panic when confronted by this intense member of the camel family. Debra quickly reassures newcomers: "They only spit at each other, when they're feeding or competing for females. It's pretty much alpaca to alpaca." Within minutes, in fact, a large male spews partially digested pasture at a pushy youngster. As Debra tactfully phrases it, the spit "has a unique odor."

Unique and prized. If a female spits at a male during breeding season, she is either unimpressed or ­ hopefully ­ already pregnant. "Alpaca breeders call that spit the Smell of Money," Debra says. She should know; the Lamars expect four baby alpacas over the spring and summer.

The money can be substantial. An alpaca gelding might go for $800, but a good breeding female can cost tens of thousands of dollars. (Billy Wagner of the NY Mets sold an alpaca for $100,000.) It's a long-term investment: in the enormous herds of Peru, Chile, Bolivia and Ecuador, alpacas live approximately 16-18 years. "We hope they'll survive longer here," Debra says. "There is less stress, and we can provide veterinary care."

The Lamars have learned to manage alpaca stress well. They shear in early May. In the summer the alpacas need fans in the barn, but New Jersey's climate agrees with the wooly canids, who grow dense coats over the winter.

"Don't call it wool," Debra cautions. "Alpaca fiber has microscopic scales that lie flat, unlike wool, and don't itch. The fiber, unlike wool, doesn't have lanolin, which is full of bacteria." The fiber is also delightfully soft and warm. She proves her point with a pair of thick, warm Alpaca socks. Getting those socks can only be called a labor of love.

Handlers don't brush their animals; they pick the hay from the coats to avoid changing the structure of the fiber. After shearing, the raw fiber must be picked through again to remove all debris. Then a small quantity is carefully arranged in a 3-5 pound bag ­ preferably a pinned lingerie bag ­ so it won't compact in hot water and turn to felt. After hand washing the fiber is laid flat to dry.

Next, the fiber is straightened and untangled by hand or long-tooth combs or drum cards. The process proved so tedious that Debra now sends the fiber to a mill where it is washed, cleaned and carded. Only then can the product, called a clean roving, be spun. "I don't dye my wool." Debra holds out a basket of russet red, black, and off-white yarn spun on her own wheel. "I work with the natural colors of the animals."

Producing yarn is not a requirement for the club. Instead 4-H Kids will learn day-to-day care, performing such tasks as trimming the two big v-shaped nails on the alpacas' padded feet.

As much a herd creature as her animals, Debra hopes 4-H club members will travel with her family to events such as the Warren County Fair, the East Meets West Alpaca Auction in Boonton, and the Alpaca Budget Caper Show in Maryland on April 9th.

"I go to the Bare Naked Alpaca Halter Show in Columbus, on June 3rd," Debra says. "The alpacas are shorn. The judges look for good confirmation and temperament."

The Bare Naked Show best summarizes the goals of the New Jersey alpaca community. Learn, educate and breed with a plan. Avoid creating confirmation flaws that can handicap future generations ­ and at the same time, have fun.

Bella Cria Alpacas, 20 Quakertown Rd., Pittstown, NJ 08867 , 908-735-9694

4-H club contact information:
Sherrie Peterson, Rutgers Cooperative Extension (Hunterdon County), 908-788-1341


Yakking It Up

Over in Milford, Dirk Milz keeps a neat farm. A small herd of Scottish Highland Longhorns graze in a pasture flanked by a long drive and an orderly row of trees. A carefully spaced row of shed antlers hangs from a fence by the parking area.

Clad in green coveralls, Dirk Milz escorts guests to an office he shares with a pot-bellied pig and a friendly cat. Even the clutter ­ ribbons, toy llamas, various certificates and assorted knickknacks ­ is carefully ordered. Great discipline is perhaps the only way to handle the dizzying variety of creatures at Edelweiss Farm, from its largest bovines to the fish in the koi pond. Dirk ­ who had only a dog in his native Germany ­ makes the evolution of the farm sound deceptively simple: "Our children started with 4-H. We had sheep. The kids grew up and got married. I got into exotics."

He holds out the farm's picture book, which serves as a visual narrative of years he and his wife Pat spent with odd and unlikely animals. Dirk points to a photo of a small, furry, gold-brown creature with a long tail. "That is a kinkajou. I bought it in Florida. They come from South America. It's nocturnal. It sleeps all day long. It was boring. I got rid of it."

A glance around the office reveals a startling omission; despite the size of the operation, Dirk manages without a computer. "I keep my books by hand," Dirk says. "That way I always know where the information is in case the USDA makes a surprise inspection."

The logistics are daunting. Every animal comes from licensed breeders scattered around the country. Both the United States Department of Agriculture and the State of New Jersey require exhibitor licenses. The medical care is constant: Dirk vaccinates each animal. The reindeer get wormed four times a year. Different species require different fences, cages and feed programs. Not surprisingly, Dirk's workday begins before 7:00 a.m. And yet he found the time to decorate the barn with handmade lattice-work. Noah would have liked this man.

On a tour of the farm, Dirk stops by a pen of pregnant Sicilian miniature donkeys. Their nine babies will eventually be sold. The ones that stay go to various festivals and shows; in the winter they add life to manger displays.

Dirk ambles past stacks of neatly baled hay to the llama field. "I expect fourteen newborn llamas this year," Dirk says. Those babies will be sold as well. He clearly enjoys the adults, enormous beasts with shaggy ropes of fiber that swing like dreadlocks from their sides. Several llamas have names that evoke Dirk's past: Reinlander, Fraulein.

Then it's on to the reindeer enclosure. The iconic image of reindeer pulling Santa's sleigh skews expectations. The small reindeer don't pull sleds. Nonetheless, in December of 2005 Dirk's reindeer went to 18 functions and led the Clinton Christmas parade. In the spring, when they shed out, the reindeer look rather moth-eaten. Dirk fills buckets with fur that he gives away, along with the llama fiber. When the temperature drops, the reindeer revert to the belles of the ball.

Everywhere babies are pending, or just arrived. In a warm pen two wallabies, kangaroo-like creatures, nibble on alfalfa hay. One carries a baby in her pouch. Dirk checks on his coatimundis ­raccoonish animals ­ and a pair of South African porcupines. (The only truly pungent spot on the farm, the room's musky odor could knock out a prizefighter.) The black and white porcupines bristle aggressively, puffing up like blowfish. Chortling with greed, they rip apart the bananas Dirk tossed into the cage. "She'd better be pregnant," Dirk says. "I have the male for a reason."

Dirk recognizes curiosity, and talks easily about his animals. The bulk of his business deals with people who want to board, breed or buy a particular species. But he likes to show them off. The animals often go to children's educational programs. At the thought, Dirk sounds like a chef planning a smorgasbord: a little fennel fox, a helping of reindeer, an aside of baby llama. Perhaps a yak or two.

Yes, yaks, The domesticated descendant of the enormous, hairy, wild yak from Asia. Shaggy and sporting a large hump over its shoulder, the yak still bears some physical resemblance to its wild cousin. In Asia, domestic yaks serve as all purpose vehicles, pulling carts and carrying passengers. Locals breed them for their wool, low-fat meat, and milk, which is consumed or converted to butter, yogurt and cheese.

Dirk likes them for simpler reasons: they're smart, easy to fence, and cheaper to feed. They shed their warm, soft wool once a year; Yak farmers out west claim that ready-to-spin yak wool sells for $4 an ounce. A good yak can produce two to three pounds of wool, and pay for most of its feed.

Dirk Milz doesn't care about $4-an-ounce wool. Neither does he want to saddle up a yak for a ride. He enjoys the animals for their behavior, their grace, their beauty, their comic relief ­ and their profits.

The animals come and go. Each new species presents a learning curve: that is precisely why Dirk enjoys his business. As for what might be at the farm next year ­ or next month, he says: "You never know."

Edelweis Farm, 307 Adamic Hill Road, Milford NJ, 908-995-2323


Buffed Up

A Jurassic Park fence provides the first clue. Utility poles, spaced every ten feet, support eleven strands of electric wire. Once the herd ambles into view, the need for the posts at Readington Farm becomes clear.

Buffalo graze in the front field. Big, wild buffalo. Eric Doyle warns visitors to distrust the animals' calm appearance: "They can be dangerous. I take my old Grand Cherokee in the paddocks. I go in on foot only if the buffalo are in another field." He repairs fences when the herd is well off in the distance.

The Doyles did not always keep buffalo. The family once had a 100-acre cattle farm in Bedminster. Eric's father, Gerald Doyle, bought Readington Farm in the mid '90s. Without a trace of irony, Eric describes it as "Dad's retirement project." The retirement project meant shipping in buffalo from Indiana and a bull from South Dakota.

The "project" entails paperwork. The Department of Agriculture requires licenses for the scale, for food handling, for ownership, and a stamp for a non-amenable species. Since the buffalo qualify as exotics, New Jersey requires still more paperwork.

The farm needs stamps ­ and manpower. The Doyles have found help for the annual spring roundup, when veterinarians, Rutgers volunteers, and friends drive the animals into various pens. The animals eventually get weighed and vaccinated. It's no small feat; the biggest buffalo can weigh just under one ton.

Comments

Heather
09 Dec 2013, 16:33
I've seen some inquiries about reindeer and I don't think they do it anymore. But there is someone else who has reindeer in NJ and he rents them out. The business name is Reindeer, Magic and Miracles. Hope this helps!
Lisa D.
19 Nov 2013, 21:27
Hello,\r\nI am PTO president for Celebrate the Children School in Wharton, New Jersey. CTC is a school for children with autism and other special needs. We would be very interested in having some reindeer visit our school during a Winter Holiday Celebration we are planning. Can you provide some information at to pricing, etc. Thank you!!
Juan Jose salazar
05 Feb 2013, 05:08
I read about you ranch is amazing how important is you job to maintain the production not just exotic species in animals also in the agriculture industry . I wish I read this 22 years when I come to nj because I have degree in medicine veterinary and some experience in agriculture and for to many reasons I never tried to get job in my field , in time I was married and 3 children so i have to work in diferents jobs to provide to my family , but one of my dreams is to take in charge a farm , the owners of the farm Ned help to deal with , I see you so busy with diferents project well am so happy in usa exist people like you , if you Ned somebody and you take vacations o you think in retairment just click my em.
Skylands Visitor
03 Dec 2012, 08:26
JoEllen,\r\nThere are hundreds of articles posted on this website, and although we do respond to many comments, they are intended more for discussion between the comment posters or for response from the parties mentioned in the stories. If you need to contact any of the people mentioned here and they have not responded to your comment, you can use the contact information included in the story. Thanks!
Joellen Watkins
01 Dec 2012, 13:41
Hello,\r\n\r\n I don't believe the list owner here either never checks these comments or doesn't care. I've not seen once a response from then to anyone. Just FYI.\r\n
dinesh
01 Dec 2012, 13:31
i want pet reindeer. you have one?
Janine
23 Nov 2012, 15:08
I wanted to find out info about the reindeer? Where are you located and do you visit south jersey at all?
maria
03 Dec 2011, 08:05
I help run a Holiday parade and think it would be FANTASTIC to have a reindeer.\r\n\r\nCan you guide me?\r\n\r\nThank you.
Jackie Pappas
09 Nov 2011, 16:04
Will reindeer travel to Asbury Park, NJ? Townwide celebration on Dec 3. It sounds shameless but do you rent them?
Liz Jones
07 Oct 2011, 12:55
Do you sell reindeer hair fiber? I am looking for some for a project with school kids.
Jessica
25 Sep 2011, 03:12
Interested in buying culled animals, probably cows, for food. Do you know of a source?
mary
14 Sep 2011, 17:17
I am interested in renting a reindeer in Berwyn, Pa on Dec. 4th.....what is the cost for the rental?
Dana Neill
18 Jun 2011, 19:20
\r\nDo you come to Maryland? Do come to school events Like Lunch with santa? If so how much do you charge ?\r\n
Steven
28 May 2011, 10:19
Hello,\r\nDo you rent reindeer for a Masonic Christmas Breakfast with Santa? Location in Montgomery Township NJ.\r\n\r\nThank you!\r\nSteven
Alice
31 Aug 2010, 12:49
Are any farms in Sussex or Warren count offering hay rides this fall? I am not interested in group rides for kids, but rides for adults.\r\n\r\nThanks,
gail turner-graham
20 May 2010, 13:54
Hello,\r\nI am interested in visiting fiber farms in New Jersey in July. Do you have\r\na bed and breakfast, or is there one \r\nnearby? I live in California and \r\nwill be in New Jersey for two weeks.\r\nthanks
Mary Anne Wilmouth
06 May 2010, 04:06
Hi I am interested in your fiber from your animals. Please contact me.
Joellen Watkins
27 Apr 2010, 17:42
Hello,\r\n\r\n I am interested in the fiber from your animals, especially the reindeer. Please contact me at your convenience.\r\n\r\nThank you!\r\n\r\n
Robin
10 Jun 2008, 08:06
We are looking for a llama shearer for one male llama in Colts Neck NJ..any info for contacts would be greatly appreciated...thanks
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